connected with galea,
and so with γαλέη
(cf. the κτιδέην
of Hom. Il. 10.335
It was originally a cap of skin or fur, fitting close to the head, worn by
rustics (Verg. Moret.
122), hunters (Grat.
340, where it is of badger-skin), gymnasts in the
palaestra to keep the hair clean (Mart. 14.50
and by the old inhabitants of Latium instead of a helmet (Verg. A. 7.688
; cf. CUDO
). For the galerus worn by various priests, e.
g. the Pontifices Salii and Flamines, and the albogalerus
or albus galerus
Dialis, see APEX, and compare Juv. 8.208
22, p. 441; GelL 10.15 extr.
The word is also applied to a wig, the empti
of Ovid (A. Am.
3.165; cf.. CALIENDRUM
); worn not only
from vanity or to conceal baldness (Suet. Oth.
12), but for
the sake of disguise by profligates of both sexes in their nocturnal rambles
(Suet. Nero 26
11; Juv. 6.120
with the. Schol.); and on the stage as
part of the makeup (Guhl and Koner, ed. 5, p. 762). (Rich, s.v.