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HIEROMNE´MONES

HIEROMNE´MONES (ἱερομνήμονες) were the more honourable of the two classes of representatives who composed the Amphictyonic council. An account of them is given under AMPHICTYONES We also read of Hieromnemones in Grecian states, distinct from the Amphictyonic representatives of this name, and mostly bearing no trace of a sacred character. Thus, officers called ἱερομνήμονες, ἐπιστάται, and μνήμονες are mentioned by Aristotle (Aristot. Pol. 6.8=p. 1321 b, 39) as the custodians of state papers and of the records of judicial decisions (cf. Schömann, Antiq. 1.138 E. T.). It is perhaps exceptional that the priests of Poseidon at Megara were called hieromnemones (Plut. Symp. 8.8.4). At Byzantium, which was a colony of Megara, the chief magistrate in the state appears to have been called by this name; in a decree quoted by Demosthenes (de Cor. p. 255.90; compare Plb. 4.52.4), a hieromnemon is mentioned, who gives his name to the year; and we also find the same word on the coins of this city. (Eckhel, Doctr. Num. vol. ii. p. 31, &c.) At Chalcedon, another colony of Megara, a hieromnemon also existed, as is proved by a decree which is still extant. (C. I. G. 3794; cf. Müller, Dor. 3.9.10.) An inscription found in Thasos also mentions a hieromnemon who presided over the treasury (C. I. G. 2161, with Boeckh's commentary, vol. ii. pp. 183, 184).

Besides the representative at the Amphictyonic council, we find at Athens hieromnemones belonging to local and gentile organisations: ἱερομνήμονες Ἡρακλέους (C. I. A. 2.788, Fränkel, n. 536 on Boeckh); a γένος Σαλαμινίων with an ἄρχων and ἱερομνήμονες in an inscription published in Ἀθήναιον, 6.274, Mittheilungen des deutschen archäol. Inst. in Athen, 4.265 (Gilbert, Staatsalterth. 1.201).

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