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LI´GULA a Roman measure of fluid capacity, containing one fourth of the CYATHUS (Columella, R. B. 12.21; Plin. Nat. 20.36.)

It signifies a spoonful, like cochlear; only the ligula was larger than the cochlear (see Mart. 8.33 and 71). The spoon which was called ligula, or lingula (dim. of lingua), from its shape, was used like a dessert-spoon. (Cato, Cat. Agr. 84; Plin. Nat. 21.84; Mart. 14.120; Becker-Göll, Gallus, 3.293; Marquardt, Privatleben, 314.) For a drawing of the ligula, see under COCHLEAR, where the larger spoon is the ligula, the smaller the cochlear. The word is also used for the leather tongue of a shoe (Pollux, 2.109, 7.80; Festus, s. v.). (See under CALCEUS p. 335.)

[P.S] [G.E.M]

hide References (4 total)
  • Cross-references from this page (4):
    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 20.36
    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 21.84
    • Martial, Epigrammata, 14.120
    • Martial, Epigrammata, 8.33
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