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LIMBUS (παρυφή), the border of a tunic or a scarf, chiefly in the woman's dress (Verg. A. 4.137; Serv. ad loc. 7). This ornament, when displayed upon the tunic, was of a similar kind with the CYCLAS and INSTITA (Servius in Verg. A. 2.616), but much less expensive, more common and more simple. It was generally woven in the same piece with the entire garment of which it formed a part, and it had sometimes the appearance of a scarlet or purple band upon a white ground; in other instances it resembled foliage (Verg. A. 1.649; Ovid, Ov. Met. 6.127), or the scrolls and meanders introduced in architecture. A very elegant effect was produced by bands of gold thread interwoven in cloth of Tyrian purple (Ovid, Ov. Met. 51), and called ληροὶ or leria. (Festus, s.v. Brunck, Anal. 1.483.) Demetrius Poliorcetes was arrayed in this manner (χρυσοπαρύφοις ἁλουργίσι, Plut. Demetr. 41). Virgil (Aen. 5.251) mentions a scarf enriched with gold, the border of which was in the form of a double meander. In illustration of this account examples of both the single and the double meander are introduced at the top of the annexed woodcut. The other

Limbi. (From ancient vases.)

eight specimens of limbi are selected to show some of the principal varieties of this ornament, which present themselves on Etruscan vases and other works of ancient art.

An ornamental band, when used by itself as a fillet to surround the temples or the waist, was also called limbus. (Stat. Theb. 6.367, Achill. 2.176; Claud. de Cons. Mallii Theod. 118.) A later name for the limbus was lorum, whence dresses with one or more rows of stripes were called monolores, dilores, trilores, &c. (Vopisc. Aurel. 46, 6). The makers of limbi were called limbolarii (Plaut. Aul. 514, and Wagner's critical note). For these limbi, see also Marquardt, Privatleben, 544; Blümner, Technologie, 1.202; Becker-Göll, Charikles, 3.255, Gallus, 3.266.

[J.Y] [G.E.M]

hide References (6 total)
  • Cross-references from this page (6):
    • Ovid, Metamorphoses, 6.127
    • Vergil, Aeneid, 1.649
    • Vergil, Aeneid, 2.616
    • Vergil, Aeneid, 4.137
    • Plutarch, Demetrius, 41
    • Statius, Thebias, 6
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