or μέδιμνος σιτηρός
), the principal dry measure of
the Greeks. It was used especially for measuring coin. It contained 6 hectes,
), 192 cotylae,
and 1152 cyathi.
medimnus was equal to six Roman modii, or two amphorae (Nepos, Att. 2
; Cic. in Verr. 3.42, 110
)=52,53 litres, and therefore the Attic medimnus contained nearly 12
imperial gallons (11.556 gallons) or 1 1/2 bushel. The Aeginetan and
Ptolemaic were about half as much again, or in the ratio of 3:2 to the
Attic; the Aeginetan being = 72.7 litres, the Ptolemaic = 78.8 (Hultsch, p.
505). The Sicilian was equal to the Attic. For the values of the
subdivisions of the medimnus, see the Tables. (Hultsch,
pp. 104, 503; MENSURA
) The symbol in Greek MSS. for medimnus was
Me. (Hultsch, Metrol. Script.