previous next


SACRA´RIUM was, according to the definition of Ulpian (Dig. 1, 8, 9.1; cf. Serv. ad Aen. 12.199), a place in which sacred things were deposited and kept, whether this place was a part of a temple or of a private house. (Cf. Cic. Ver. 4.3, 5; ad Fam. 13.2, Suet. Tib. 51.) In a temple it was probably, as Marquardt thinks, directly behind the wall of the cella, and only the priests could enter it (Staatsverwaltung, 3.168). Thus in the sacrarium of the Capitoline temple the thensa Jovis Opt. Max. was kept (Suet. Vesp. 5); the hastae Martis in the sacrarium of the REGIA; the lituus of Romulus and the ancilia (probably) in the sacrarium Martis or curia Saliorum on the Palatine [SALII]. Sacrifices also were offered in the sacrarium of Ops Consiva (in the Regia), but they were not open to the public, since into this as into other sacraria those only could enter who held a sacred office. We may perhaps attach a similar significance to the fact that Varro (L. L. 5.45) calls, the twenty-four chapels of the Argei sacraria, not sacella. They were chapels covered in from the public gaze, in which the sacred figures were kept, and into which in the processions ad Argeos the priests alone entered. Livy (1.21) gives the same name to a shrine of Fides, to which it appears that he in his priestly office and the flamines alone had access: Tacitus alone uses it of the shrine in which an image was kept for the cult of Augustus at Bovillae (cf. Stat. Silv. 5.1, 240). Respecting the sacrarium or lararium of private houses, see LARARIUM

[L.S] [G.E.M]

hide References (4 total)
  • Cross-references from this page (4):
    • Cicero, Against Verres, 2.4.5
    • Suetonius, Tiberius, 51
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 1, 21
    • Statius, Silvae, 5.1
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: