was, according to the definition of
Ulpian (Dig. 1
; cf. Serv. ad
), a place in which sacred things were deposited and
kept, whether this place was a part of a temple or of a private house. (Cf.
Cic. Ver. 4.3, 5
; ad Fam.
13.2, Suet. Tib.
.) In a temple it was probably, as Marquardt thinks, directly
behind the wall of the cella,
and only the
priests could enter it (Staatsverwaltung,
3.168). Thus in the
sacrarium of the Capitoline temple the thensa Jovis Opt. Max.
was kept (Suet. Vesp.
5); the hastae
in the sacrarium of the REGIA; the lituus of Romulus and the ancilia (probably) in the
or curia Saliorum
on the Palatine [SALII
]. Sacrifices also were offered in the
sacrarium of Ops Consiva (in the Regia), but they were not open to the
public, since into this as into other sacraria those only could enter who
held a sacred office. We may perhaps attach a similar significance to the
fact that Varro (L. L.
5.45) calls, the twenty-four chapels
of the Argei sacraria,
They were chapels covered in from the public gaze,
in which the sacred figures were kept, and into which in the processions
the priests alone entered. Livy
) gives the same name to a shrine of
Fides, to which it appears that he in his priestly office and the flamines
alone had access: Tacitus alone uses it of the shrine in which an image was
kept for the cult of Augustus at Bovillae (cf. Stat. Silv. 5.1
Respecting the sacrarium or lararium of private houses, see LARARIUM