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STIPENDIA´RII (1) Persons who received a fixed pay or salary, as stipendiariae cohortes (Hirtius, Bell. Afr. 43; cf. Livy, 8.8).

(2) Those peoples in the Roman provinces were so called who had to pay a fixed money tribute, stipendium, in contradistinction to the vectigales (Cic. Ver. 4.60, 134), who paid decumae, or a fixed percentage of the produce of their lands or other income [see VECTIGALIA; PROVINCIAE]. The word stipendium was used for “tribute,” because it was originally appropriated to the purpose of furnishing the Roman soldiers with pay (stipendium, Livy, 4.36, 60; Tac. Hist. 4.74). All provinces paid stipendium, except Sicily, and except, Asia between B.C. 123-48. The money was for the most part raised and paid over by each township.

Later, the lawyers of the Empire distinguished stipendium from tributum, making both mean a land-tax of fixed amount; but the former was raised in senatorial provinces, the latter in Imperial provinces (Gaius, 2.21).

(See also under VECTIGALIA No. 13.)


hide References (5 total)
  • Cross-references from this page (5):
    • Cicero, Against Verres, 2.4.134
    • Tacitus, Historiae, 4.74
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 8, 8
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 4, 36
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 4, 60
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