persons supported by the Athenian state, who, on account of infirmity or
bodily defects, were unable to obtain a livelihood. The sum which they
received from the state appears to have varied at different times. In the
time of Lysias (Or.
24.29) one obolus a day was given; later,
seemingly about the time of Aristotle, it was increased to two oboli. As to
the date of this change authorities differ; compare Harpoc. s. v. with Bekk.
p. 345. Another sum, intermediate between the two,
9 drachmas (=54 oboli) per month, is mentioned by Philochorus, ap.
Harpocrat. The bounty was restricted to persons whose property was under
three minae. It was awarded by a decree of the people, but the examination
of the individuals belonged to the senate of the Five Hundred: the payments
were made by prytanies. Peisistratus is said to have been the first to
introduce a law for the maintenance of those persons who had been mutilated
in war; but, according to others, this provision derived its origin from a
law of Solon. (Plut. Solon.
p. 738, Reiske; Aeschin. c. Tim.
§ 103; Harpocrat., Suid., Hesych. sub
24, Pro Inval.,
speech written for an individual in order to prove that he was entitled to
be supported by the state; Böckh, Public Econ. of
p. 242 ff.) [W.S
. The quotation from
Harpocration can now be corrected from the author's own words. No other rate
of payment is mentioned than two obols daily; and a special ταμίας,
chosen by lot, presided over the
distribution (Ath. Pol. 49).