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ANTYX

ANTYX (ἄντυξ), the edge or border of any circular object. 1. The rim of the round shield (Il. 6.118, 14.412, 18.479). See examples of the antyx of a shield in drawings to ANTEFIXA, ARMA, CLIPEUS. 2. Specially the outside rim or rail, that formed the edge of the car in the Homeric chariot (Etym. M. and Zonar. s. v.). It seems to have been usually made of some kind of pliant wood, as for instance of the shoots of the wild fig (Il. 21.38), and was used to give stability to the car, which was often made of wicker-work. It rose to some height in front, so that the reins could be fastened to it when the driver left the chariot (Il. 5.262; cf. Eur. Hipp. 1188), and projected on each side in a loop behind, to assist him in mounting. A second rail seems often to have been added, as for instance in the chariot of Hera, of which Homer says δοιαὶ δὲ περίδρομοι ἄντυγές εἰσιν (Il. 5.728). The accompanying engraving shows

Antyx. (Ginzrot,
Wagen und Fuhrwerke,
Pl. xxix. fig. 5.

the ἄντυξ, and the Greek vases represent an enormous variety. A simple form of it is exhibited in the annexed woodcut, from an antefixum.

Antyx. (From an Etruscan tomb.)

After the Homeric time, ἄντυξ, or the plural ἄντυγες, is used for the chariot itself. (Soph. Electr. 746; Eur. Phoen. 1193 ; Theocr. 2.166.) [CURRUS]

[J.Y] [J.H.O]

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