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CALAU´TICA (in some MSS. calantica or calvatica), a female head-dress, described by Nonius, p. 537, as “tegmen muliebre, quod capiti innectitur.” Cf. Cic. Fragm. in Clod. et Cur. 5: “quum calautica capiti accommodaretur,” where it appears to be used in the same sense as mitra. So Serv. ad Aen. 9.616, and Ulp. Dig. 34, 2, 25.10: “ornamentorum haec: vittae, mitrae, semimitrae, calautica.” Gloss. Philox., however, explains it as εἶδος ζώνης.

Ausonius (Perioch. Od. v.) used calautica as a translation of κρήδεμνον. From this and other considerations Rich is led to identify the two words as signifying a head-dress with lappets hanging down to the shoulders on both sides, so that they might be drawn together to conceal the face (Hom. Od. 1.334; II. 14.184; and Eustath. ad loc.); but its form is quite uncertain.


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