(in some MSS. calantica
), a female head-dress, described by Nonius, p.
537, as “tegmen muliebre, quod capiti innectitur.” Cf. Cic. Fragm. in Clod. et Cur.
: “quum calautica capiti accommodaretur,” where it
appears to be used in the same sense as mitra.
So Serv. ad Aen. 9.616
, and Ulp.
34, 2, 25.10: “ornamentorum haec: vittae,
mitrae, semimitrae, calautica.” Gloss. Philox., however, explains
it as εἶδος ζώνης.
Ausonius (Perioch. Od.
v.) used calautica
as a translation of κρήδεμνον.
From this and other considerations Rich is led to
identify the two words as signifying a head-dress with lappets hanging down
to the shoulders on both sides, so that they might be drawn together to
conceal the face (Hom. Od. 1.334
14.184; and Eustath. ad
); but its form is quite uncertain.