a tall female head-dress, but whether a wig of
false hair or an arrangement of draperies it is not easy to determine. The
Cruquian scholiast on the locus classicus
1.8, 48) gives both explanations,
without attempting to decide between them ( “peplum capitis aut crinis
suppositicius sen capillamentum aut galericulus capitisve
ornamentum” ). But galericulus
) may mean a wig (Suet. Oth.
with Casaubon's note); and the humour of the passage is decidedly in favour
of this rendering: one of the two old women drops her false teeth in her
flight, the other her false hair. A fragment of Varro quoted by the same
scholiast suggests a stage peruke ( “tantis cothurnis accipit Critona
caliendrum” ). Of the only other passages where the word occurs,
Arnobius (5.26, p. 209) mentions caliandria
female vanities; Tertullian, on the contrary (de Pall.
seems to imply a staid and sober covering which the immodest women of his
time had discarded.