derived like κύλιξ
from the root κυ-,
which means “hollow” (Curt.
No. 79), and it is found applied to the hollow of
the hand (see Liddell and Scott, s. v.). It was a small cup, used for
transferring liquids from a larger to a smaller vessel. It had a high
handle, to prevent the hand touching the liquid when the cup was dipped in
the larger vessel. (See the accompanying specimen.) We hear of them as made
Cyathus. (Dennis, Etruria, ii. p.
of silver (Ath. 424b
) and brass (Poll.
10.122). Another form of the word seems to be κυαφίς,
which Ath. 480b
calls κοτυλῶδες ἀγγεῖον.
That the κύαφος
was also used as a vessel
for drinking from seems to be the opinion of competent archaeologists, e. g.
Stephani and Jahn. (See Becker--Göll, Charikles,
3.403.) For the difficulties
connected with κυαφίζεσφαι
according to cyathi, the reader is referred to SYMPOSIUM
Cyathus. (Dennis, Etruria, i. p.
It is maintained by some (e. g. by Ussing) that [p. 1.590]κύαφος
should be applied to the ladle
with a long perpendicular handle, as in the cut below, called simpulum
The term is also applied to an exact measure of capacity. It varies with the
of which it is always
one-sixth, while it is one-twelfth of the sextarius.
According to most of the tables, it is .0456 of a
litre (=2/25 of a pint); but in the table headed περὶ
μέτρων καὶ σταφμῶν ἱππιατρικῶν
it is .0547 of a litre.
The Greek symbol is Κυ;
the Latin ΤΙ, Κυ, Κγ.
(See Hultsch, Metrologici
1.237, and Index; also Griech. u.
637-9, and Table x.)
The Greek word is further applied to a cupping-glass for bruises about the
eyes (Ar. Lys.
444); and brass cups were originally used for
this purpose. (See the Schol. on Ar.
Museo Borbonico, vol. iv., pl.
572.) But the Latin cyathus
is not so used, the Latin term being cucurbita,
from its gourd-like shape (cf. σικύα