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FU´SCINA

FU´SCINA (τρίαινα), a trident; more commonly called tridens, meaning tridens stimulus, because it was originally a three-pronged goad, used to incite horses to greater swiftness. Neptune was supposed to be armed with it when he drove his chariot, and it thus became his usual attribute, no doubt with an allusion also to the use of the same instrument in spearing fish. It is represented in the second cut on p. 416. (Hom. Il. 12.27, Od. 4.506, 5.292; Verg. G. 1.13, Aen. 1.138, 145, 2.610 Cic. N. D. 1.3. 6, § 101; Philostr. Imag. 2.14.) The trident was also attributed to Nereus (Verg. A. 2.418) and to the Tritons (Att. ap. Cic. N. D. 2.3. 5, § 89; Mart. de Spect. 26, 3.)

In the contests of gladiators the Retiarius was armed with a trident. (Juv. 2.143, 8.203.) [GLADIATOR]

[J.Y] [W.W]

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