, Dem. c. Aristocr
. p. 627.22, etc.; φαρμακείας κατηγορία
, only in
. Antiph. c. Noverc
.), an indictment
against one who caused the death of another by poison, given either by
himself or by another person at his instigation (Dem. c.
p. 628.24=p. 627.22 lex,
§ 94, τὸν
βουλεύσαντα ἐν τῷ αὐτῷ ἐνέχεσθαι καὶ τὸν τῇ χειπὶ
: it was under this latter law that the charge of
poisoning was brought against the stepmother (Antiph. Or.
cf. § 20, ἡ δὲ αἰτία ἤδη, καὶ
ἐνθυμηθεῖσα καὶ χειρουργήσασα,
i. e. ἡ πέμψασα τὸ φάρμακον καὶ κελεύσασα ἐκείνῳ δοῦναι
§ 26). It was tried by the court of Areiopagus
and Pollux, 8.117). That the malicious
) was a necessary ingredient
in the crime follows from Arist. Magn. Mor.
1.17, p. 1188 b,
31, whence we learn that the Areiopagus once acquitted a woman who had given
a love potion with fatal results to a man, ὅτι τὴν
δόσιν τοῦ φίλτρου οὐ μετὰ διανοίας τοῦ ἀπολέσθαι αὐτὸν
(the woman in Antiph. c. Nov.
§ 20 was put to death for the same offence, but she was a slave).
Hence the case in Antiph. sup. Choreut.
is not an instance of
the indictment under discussion, for the boy Diodotus was poisoned by a
draught given him to improve his voice (εὐφωνίας
χάριν ἔπιε φάρμακον καὶ πιὼν τέθνηκεν,
). The punishment was death (Aelian, Ael. VH 5.18
; Plut. de Ser. Numin.
7, p. 552 D). Poisonous drugs were frequently
administered as love potions or for other purposes of a similar nature
1.37). Men whose minds were affected by them
were said (φαρμακᾶν.
Wills made by a man
under the influence of drugs (ὑπὸ
) were void at Athens (Dem. c. Steph.
1133.16). Women who practised sorcery were called φαρμακίδες
(Lucian, Dial. Mer.
4; Theocr. ii.). Demosthenes, as we learn
from Philochorus (Harpocr. s. v. Θεωρίς
brought a γραφὴ ἀσεβείας
Lemnian Theoris; she was put to death (Plut. Dem.
; [Dem.] c. Aristog.
i. p. 793.79), and Ninus
suffered a like fate (Dem. F. L.
p. 431.281) on a charge
brought by Menecles, ὡς φίλτρα ποιούσης τοῖς
(Schol. to Dem. l.c.;
i. p. 995.2; ii. p. 1010.9); see also Plat.
xi. p. 933 D. (Att. Process,
Lipsius, p. 382 f.)