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PHARMACON GRAPHE (φαρμάκων γραφή, Dem. c. Aristocr. p. 627.22, etc.; φαρμακείας κατηγορία, only in argum. Antiph. c. Noverc.), an indictment against one who caused the death of another by poison, given either by himself or by another person at his instigation (Dem. c. Aristocr, p. 628.24=p. 627.22 lex, and Andoc. Myst. § 94, τὸν βουλεύσαντα ἐν τῷ αὐτῷ ἐνέχεσθαι καὶ τὸν τῇ χειπὶ ἐργασάμενον: it was under this latter law that the charge of poisoning was brought against the stepmother (Antiph. Or. i.: cf. § 20, δὲ αἰτία ἤδη, καὶ ἐνθυμηθεῖσα καὶ χειρουργήσασα, i. e. πέμψασα τὸ φάρμακον καὶ κελεύσασα ἐκείνῳ δοῦναι πιεῖν, § 26). It was tried by the court of Areiopagus (Dem. l.c., and Pollux, 8.117). That the malicious intent (πρόνοια) was a necessary ingredient in the crime follows from Arist. Magn. Mor. 1.17, p. 1188 b, 31, whence we learn that the Areiopagus once acquitted a woman who had given a love potion with fatal results to a man, ὅτι τὴν δόσιν τοῦ φίλτρου οὐ μετὰ διανοίας τοῦ ἀπολέσθαι αὐτὸν ἐδίδου (the woman in Antiph. c. Nov. § 20 was put to death for the same offence, but she was a slave). Hence the case in Antiph. sup. Choreut. is not an instance of the indictment under discussion, for the boy Diodotus was poisoned by a draught given him to improve his voice (εὐφωνίας χάριν ἔπιε φάρμακον καὶ πιὼν τέθνηκεν, argum). The punishment was death (Aelian, Ael. VH 5.18; Plut. de Ser. Numin. vindic. 7, p. 552 D). Poisonous drugs were frequently administered as love potions or for other purposes of a similar nature (Alciphr. Ep. 1.37). Men whose minds were affected by them were said (φαρμακᾶν. Wills made by a man under the influence of drugs (ὑπὸ φαρμάκων) were void at Athens (Dem. c. Steph. p. 1133.16). Women who practised sorcery were called φαρμακίδες or φαρμακευτρίαι (Lucian, Dial. Mer. 4; Theocr. ii.). Demosthenes, as we learn from Philochorus (Harpocr. s. v. Θεωρίς), brought a γραφὴ ἀσεβείας against the Lemnian Theoris; she was put to death (Plut. Dem. 14; [Dem.] c. Aristog. i. p. 793.79), and Ninus suffered a like fate (Dem. F. L. p. 431.281) on a charge brought by Menecles, ὡς φίλτρα ποιούσης τοῖς νέοις (Schol. to Dem. l.c.; c. Boeot. i. p. 995.2; ii. p. 1010.9); see also Plat. Legg. xi. p. 933 D. (Att. Process, ed. Lipsius, p. 382 f.)

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