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DAE´DALA

DAE´DALA (τὰ Δαίδαλα: Eth. Δαιδαλεύς), a city of the Rhodia, that is, the Peraea in Caria, or a small place, as Stephanus B. says (s. v.), on the authority of Strabo; and also a mountain tract in Lycia.

The eastern limit of the Rhodian Peraea was the town of Daedala, and after Daedala, which belongs to the Rhodii, is a mountain of the same name, Daedala, where commences the line of the Lycian coast: near the mountain, that is, on the coast, is Telmissus, a town of Lycia, and the promontory Telmissis. (Strab. pp. 664, 665.) The Daedala is that part of the mountain country of Lycia which lies between the Dalamon Tchy and the middle course of the Xanthus; and the high land comes down to the coast at the head of the gulf of Glaucus or Makri. (Map, &c. by Hoskyn, London Geog. Journal, vol. xii.) In Mr. Hoskyn's map just referred to, the ruins of Daedala are placed near the head of the gulf of Glaucus, on the west side of a small river named Inigi Chai, which seems to be the river Ninus, of which Alexander in his Lyciaca (Steph. B. sub voce Δαίδαλα) tells the legend, that Daedalus was going through a marsh on the Ninus, or through the Ninus river, when he was bitten by a water snake, and died and was buried there, and there the city Daedala was built. The valley through which the Ninus flows, is picturesque, and well-cultivated. [p. 1.746] “On the mountain on the W. side of the valley is an ancient site, probably Daedala: here are numerous tombs hewn in the rocks in the usual Lycian style; some are well-finished. The acropolis stood on a detached hill; on its summits are remains of a well, and a large cistern. We did not find any inscriptions.” (Hoskyn.) But though no inscriptions were found, there is hardly any doubt that the place is Daedala. Pliny (5.31) mentions two islands off this coast belonging to the Daedaleis. There is an island off the coast east of the mouth of the Inigi Chai, and another west of the mouth of the river; and these may be the islands which Pliny means. The islands of the Cryeis, three according to Pliny, lie opposite to Crya, on the west side of the gulf of Makri. Livy (37.22) mentions Daedala as a “parvum castellum.” Ptolemy (5.2) places Daedala, and indeed the whole of the west side of the gulf of Glaucus, in Lycia.

The reader may refer to Hoskyn's map and the Geog. Journal (vol. xii) as to the site of Caunus also, which passage the writer of the article CAUNUS overlooked.

[G.L]

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