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HARMA (Ἅρμα: Eth. Ἁρματεύς).


An ancient town of Boeotia, mentioned by Homer, which is said to have been so called, either because the chariot of Adrastus broke down here, or because the chariot of Amphiaraus disappeared in the earth at this place. (Didym. and Eustath. ad Il. l.c.; Strab. ix. p.404; Paus. 9.19.4, comp. 1.34.2; Steph. B. sub voce Strabo describes it as a deserted village in the territory of Tanagra near Mycalessus; and Pausanias speaks of the ruins of Harma and Mycalessus as situated on the road from Thebes to Chalcis. Aelian (Ael. VH 3.45) speaks of a lake called Harma, which is probably the one now called Morítzi or Paralímni, to the east of Hylica. [BOEOTIA, p 413, b.] The exact site of Harma is uncertain. It is supposed by Leake to have occupied the important pass on the road from Thebes to Chalcis, leading into the maritime plain. (Leake, Northern Greece, vol. ii. p. 251.)


A fortress in Attica. [ATTICA p. 329b.]

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