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Eth. MACROCE´PHALI (Μακροκέφαλοι), that is, “people with long heads.” (Strab. i. p.43.) The Siginni, a barbarous tribe about Mount Caucasus, artificially contrived to lengthen their heads as much as possible. (Strab. xi. p.520; comp. Hippocr. de Aer. 35.) It appears that owing to this custom they were called Macrocephali; at least Pliny 6.4), Pomp. Mela (1.19), and Scylax (p. 33), speak of a nation of this name in the north-east of Pontus. The anonymous author of the Peripl. Pont. Eux. (p. 14) regards them as the same people as the Macrones, but Pliny (l.c.) clearly distinguishes the two.


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