, Ptol. 4.3.33
), a town of Numidia, situated five days' journey to the SW. of Carthage. (Plb. 15.5
; Liv. 30.29
It lay between Sicca Veneria and Suffetula, and bore the name of “Regia;” whence we find it erroneously written Zamareigia in the Tab. Peut.
Zama is particularly renowned as the scene of Scipio's victory over Hannibal in 201 B.C.
It was a very strong place, and hence adopted as a residence by Juba, who brought his harem and his treasure hither, as to a place of safety. (Hirt, B. Afr.
91; Vitr. 8.3.
(or 4.) § 24.) Strabo represents it as destroyed by the Romans, and as being in a ruinous state in his time (xvii. pp. 829, 831).
But it must have been subsequently restored, since Pliny (5.4. s. 4
) mentions the Zamense oppidum as a free city.
It also appears in the Tab. Peut.,
and a bishop of Zama is mentioned by St. Augustine. (De Civ. Dei,
In an inscription in Gruter (364. 1) Zama Regia appears with the title of a colony (Col. Aelia Hadriana); though it is not mentioned as a colony in any of the ancient writers.
It is the present Jama,
SE. of Kess.
(Cf. D. C. 48.23
; Sail. J.