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AUGUSTA RAURACORUM (Augst), the chief town of the Rauraci, who bordered on the Helvetii. (Caes. Gal. 1.5.) A Roman colony was settled here by L. Munatius Plancus, in the time of Augustus, as is proved by an inscription. (Plin. Nat. 4.17, ed. Hard. note.) Ammianus (14.10) gives it the name Rauracum, and fixes its position on the border of the Rhine. The town suffered from the Alemanni, and was reduced to a mere fort, Castrum Rauracense. Angst is in the canton of Bâle, six miles east of Bâle, and on the left bank of the Rhine. It is now a village. In the sixteenth century there were still many remains of Augusta, and among them a large amphitheatre. [RAURACI]

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