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AUGUSTA VINDELICORUM (Αὐγούστα Οὐενδελικῶν: Augsburg), the capital of Vindelicia or Raetia Secunda, situated on the rivers Lech (Licus) and Wertach (Vindo?). It was founded by Augustus [p. 1.341]about A.D. 14, after the conquest of Raetia by Drusus. This is no doubt the place to which Tacitus (Germ. 41) applies the expression “splendidissima Raetiae provinciae colonia.” During the second half of the fourth century the Romans withdrew their garrison, and the place was given up to the Alemanni, under whom it soon became again a town of great eminence. (Sext. Ruf. 10; Ptol. 2.12.3; comp. Von Raiser, Die Röm. Denkmäler zu Augsburg, 1820. 4to.)


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    • Claudius Ptolemy, Tetrabiblos, 2.12
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