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DIODO´RI INSULA (Διοδώρουνῆσος), an island situated in the narrow straits of the Red Sea, which is stated by Arrian, in his Periplus of the Red Sea (pp. 2, 14, ap. Hudson), to be 60 stadia in width at its mouth. The channel between it and the mainland was fordable. Its modern name is Perim. The straits and island are thus described by Commander Moresby (Sailing Directions for the Red Sea, pp. 1, 2): “The straits of Bab-el-Mandeb are 141 miles wide at the entrance, between Bab-el-Mandeb Cape and the opposite point or volcanic peak, called Jibbel Seajarn. Near the former cape is Perim Island, which divides the two straits at the entrance, the larger being about 11 miles wide. Perim is a large rocky island, about 4 1/2 miles long by 2 broad, rising 230 feet above the level of the sea, and without fresh water or inhabitants. The narrowest part of the little strait is nearly one and a half mile wide.”


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