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GARBATA MONS (Γάρδατα τὸ Γάρδατον ὄρος, Ptol. 4.7. § § 26, 31), was the southern portion of the ridge of mountains which separated Aethiopia from the Red Sea, and of which the most southerly and loftiest projection was Mount Elephas (Cape Felix or Djebel Feel). The entire range commenced at the eastern frontier of Egypt and Aethiopia, and extended from the 15th to the 11th degree of lat. N., running for the most part in a SE. direction. Aethiopia, or the modern Abyssinia, is a region of highlands which, as they advance southward, increase in altitude. Mons Garbata commenced to the S. of Axume, and was the loftiest portion of the range. It contained mines of gold and quarries of porphyry.


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    • Claudius Ptolemy, Tetrabiblos, 4.7
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