, Arrian, Peril
p. 21, Anon. Peripl. p. 9), a harbour on the Euxine sea, 380 stadia from the island at the mouth of the Borysthenes, and 1200 stadia from the Psilon (Sulina
) mouth of the Danube. (Arrian, l.c.
) It has been identified by Rennell (Comp. Geog.
vol. ii. p. 360) with Odessa.
There is some difficulty in adjusting the discrepancies in detail; but the aggregate distance appears to be clearly enough made out. Thus, from the island to Odessus Arrian allows a distance of 80 stadia, and from Odessus to the port of the Istrians (Ἰστριανῶν λιμήν
) 250 stadia, and thence to that of the Isiaci 50 stadia. The ODESSUS
) of Arrian (for he places Odessus at Varna
) is probably a false reading, and is the same as the ORDESUS
) of Ptolemy (3.5.29
) and Pliny (4.12
), situated upon the river AXIACES
or the modern Teligul,
a large estuary which receives a river of the same name.
As the interval in Arrian between Odessus (Ordesus
) and the island is too short, so the next is too large; but the errors balance one another, and the harbour of the Isiaci agrees with that of Odessa
within three quarters of a mile; the port of the Istrians may have lain to the N. of the bay of Odessa.