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SEPTEM MARIA (Ἑπτὰ πελάγη), was the name commonly given to the extensive lagunes at the mouth of the Padus, and the adjoining rivers, and which extend along a considerable part of the shores of the Adriatic from the mouths of the Padus to Altinum. Pliny indeed seems to use the term in a more restricted sense, as he speaks of “Atrianorum paludes, quae Septem Maria appellantur” (3.16. s. 20); but the Itinerary distinctly applies the name to the whole extent of the lagunes from Ravenna to Altinum (Itin. Ant. p. 126); and Herodian, who notices them particularly (8.7), clearly uses the term in the same sense.


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