. Eth. Ἀβαῖος
, Eth. Ἄβαντες
: near Exarkhó
, Ru.), an ancient town of Phocis, near the frontiers of the Opuntian Locrians, said to have been built by the Argive Abas, son of Lynceus and. Hypermnestra, and grandson of Danaus. Near the town and on the road towards Hyampolis was an ancient temple and oracle of Apollo, who hence derived the surname of Abaeus.
So celebrated was this oracle, that it was consulted both by Croesus and by Mardonius.
Before the Persian invasion the temple was richly adorned with treasuries and votive offerings.
It was twice destroyed by fire; the first time by the Persians in their march through Phocis (B.C. 480), and a second time by the Boeotians in the Sacred or Phocian war (B.C. 346). Hadrian caused a smaller temple to be built near the ruins of the former one.
In the new temple there were three ancient statues in brass of Apollo, Leto, and Artemis, which had been dedicated by the Abaei, and had perhaps been saved from the former temple.
The ancient agora and the ancient theatre still existed in the town in the time of Pausanias.
According to the statement; of Aristotle, as preserved by Strabo, Thracians from the Phocian town of Abae emigrated to Euboea, and gave to the inhabitants the name of Abantes.
The ruins of Abae are on a peaked hill to the W. of Exarkhó.
There are now no remains on the summit of the peak; but the walls and some of the gates may still be traced on the SW. side.
There are also remains of the walls, which formed the inclosure of the temple. (Paus. 10.35
; Hdt. 1.46
; Diod. 16.530
; Strab. pp. 423, 445; Steph. Byz. s.v. Gell, Itinerary,
p. 226; Leake, Northern Greece,
vol. ii. p. 163, seq.)