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ALY´ZIA (Ἀλυζια, Thuc.7.31, et alii; Ἀλύζεια, Steph. B. sub voce: Eth.Ἀλυζεύς, Eth. Ἀλυζαῖος, Ἀλύζειος, ap. Böckh. Corpus Inscript. No. 1793: Kandili), a town on the west coast of Acarnania. According to Strabo it was distant 15 stadia from the sea, on which it possessed a harbour and a sanctuary, both dedicated to Heracles. In this sanctuary were some works of art by Lysippus, representing the labours of Hercules, which a Roman general caused to be removed to Rome on account of the deserted state of the place. The remains of Alyzia are still visible in the valley of Kandili. The distance of the bay of Kandili from the ruins of Leucas corresponds with the 120 stadia which Cicero assigns for the distance between Alyzia and Leucas. (Strab. pp. 450, 459; Cic. Fam. 16.2; Plin. Nat. 4.2; Ptolem. 3.14.) Alyzia is said to have derived its name from Alyzeus, a son of Icarus. (Strab. p. 452; Steph. Byz. s. v.) It is first mentioned by Thucydides. In B.C. 374, a naval battle was fought in the neighbourhood of Alyzia between the Athenians under Timotheus and the Lacedaemonians under


Nicolochus. The Athenians, says Xenophon, erected their trophy at Alyzia, and the Lacedaemonians in the nearest islands. We learn from Scylax that the island immediately opposite Alyzia was called Carnus, the modern Kalamo. (Thuc. 7.31; Xen. Hell. 5.4. 65, 66; Scylax, p. 13; Leake, Northern Greece, vol. iv. p. 14, seq.)

hide References (5 total)
  • Cross-references from this page (5):
    • Cicero, Letters to his Friends, 16.2
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 5.4.66
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 5.4.65
    • Thucydides, Histories, 7.31
    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 4.2
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