the chief town of the Lingones, is not mentioned by Caesar.
The name occurs in the Antonine Itinerary, and in the Peutinger Table; and in Ptolemaeus (2.9.19) under the form Ἀνδομάτουνον.
According to the Antonine Itin. a road led from this place to Tullum (Toul
In the passage of Eutropius (9.23
) “circa Lingonas” means a city, which was also named “civitas Lingonum;” and if this is Andematunnum, the site is that of the modern town of Langres, on a hill in the department of Haute Marne,
and near the source of the Marne
contains the remains of two triumphal arches, one erected in honour of the emperor Probus, and the other in honour of Constantius Chlorus.
The inscription said to be found at Langres, which would show it to have been a Roman colony, is declared by Valesius [p. 1.135]
to be spurious.
In old French Langres
was called Langone
ANDERETIOMBA; another reading of ANDERESIO, a town of Britain, mentioned by the geographer of Ravenna only; in whose list it comes next to Calleva Atrebatum, or Silchester.
Miba, a name equally unknown, follows; and then comes Mutuantonis, a military station in the south of Sussex.
As far as the order in which the geographical names of so worthless a writer is of any weight at all, the relation of Anderesio, or Anderetiomba, combined with the fact of the word being evidently compound, suggests the likelihood of the first syllable being that of the present town of And