is mentioned in the Notitia Imperii
as the station of a detachment of Abulci (numerus Abulcorum); and as part of the Littus Saxonicum.
In the Anglo-Saxon period it has far greater prominence. The district
Anderida coincided with a well-marked natural division of the island, the Wealds of Sussex and Kent.
The gault and green-sand districts belonged to it also, so that it reached from Alton to Hythe, and from Eastbourne to the north of Maidstone--Romney Marsh being especially excluded from it. Thirty miles from N. to S., and 120 from E. to W. are the dimensions given in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (ad Ann. 893), and this is not far from the actual distance.
The name is British; antred
and the form in full being Coed Andred, the uninhabited wood.
Uninhabited it was not; in the central ridge, mining industry was applied to the iron ore of Tilgate Forest at a very early period.
The stiff clay district (the oak-tree clay of the geologists) around it, however, may have been the resort of outlaws only. Beonred, when expelled from Mercia, took refuge in the Andredeswald,
from the north-western frontier; and the Britons who, according to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle of A. D. 477, fled from Aella and his son, did the same from the south. Of Anderida,
as a district, Andredesleage
), and Andredesweald
of Andred), are the later names.
Of the particular station
so called in the Notitia,
the determination is difficult. Pevensey
has the best claim; for remains of Roman walls are still standing.
The neighbourhood of Eastbourne,
where there are Roman remains also, though less considerable, has the next best. Camden favoured Newenden;
other writers having preferred Chichester.
It is safe to say that Anderida never was a Saxon town at all. In A.D. 491, Aella and his son Cissa “slew all that dwelt therein, so that not a single Briton was left.” (Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, ad ann.)