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ARAD (Ἀράδ), a city of the Canaanites in the S. of Palestine, in the neighbourhood of the wilderness of Kadesh. When the Israelites were in the mountains of Seir, at the time of Aaron's death, the king of Arad attacked them, and took some of them prisoners. (Numb. 21.1, 33.40; Judges, i 16.) The city was consequently devoted to destruction by the Israelites; but the accomplishment of their vow (Numb. 21.3) is only recorded by anticipation, for it was executed under Joshua (Josh. 12.14). Eusebius and Jerome place Arad 20 M. P. from Hebron and 4 from Malatha. Dr. Robinson identifies it, on the ground of the general agreement in position and the identity of name, with an eminence on the road from Petra to Hebron, called Tell ‘Arad. (Researches, vol. iii. p. 12.)


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