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BRANCHIDAE (Βραγχίδαι, Strab. xiv. p.633; τὸ τῶν Βραγχίδων ἄστυ, Strab. xi. p.517), a small town in Sogdiana which Alexander the Great destroyed, because it was said to have been built by the priests of the temple of Apollo Didymeus, near Miletus. [See above.] Xerxes subsequently allowed them to settle at a place in Sogdiana, which they named Branchidae. Curtius (7.5) gives a graphic account of what he justly calls the cruel vengeance of Alexander against the descendants of these traitors, remarking that the people still retained the manners of their former country, and that, though they had acquired also the native language of their new home, they still spoke their own tongue with little degeneracy.


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    • Curtius, Historiarum Alexandri Magni, 7.5
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