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Eth. CAENICENSES a people in Gallia Narbonensis, an “oppidum Latinum,” as Pliny (3.4) calls them; probably on the river Caenus of Ptolemy, which he places between the eastern mouth of the Rhone and Massilia (Marseille). There are no means of fixing the position of the Caenus, which may be the river of Aix that flows into the Etang de Berre, or some of the other streams that flow into the same étang. Some would have it to be the canal and étang of Ligagnan. It has been suggested that the name in Pliny should be Caenienses.


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    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 3.4
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