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CALE or CALEM (Porto or Oporto). a city on the S. border of Gallaecia, in Spain, on the N. side of the Durius (Douro) near its mouth; and on the high road from Olisipo to Bracara Augusta, 35 M. P. south of the latter place. (Sallust. ap. Serv. ad Virg. Aen. 7.728, reading Gallaecia for Gallia; Itin. Ant. p. 421; Florez, Esp. S. 21.5, 14.70.) It may possibly be the CALADUNUM (Καλάδουνον) of Ptolemy, the termination denoting its situation on a hill (2.6.39). Though thus barely mentioned by ancient writers, its position must early have made it a considerable port; so that it came to be called Portus Cale, whence the name of Porttgal has been derived. The modern city O-Porto (i. e. the Port) stands a little E. of the site of Cale, which is believed to be occupied by the market town of Gaya. [P.S]

CALE-ACTE (Καλὴ Ἀκτή: Eth.Καλακτίτης, Eth. καλοακτίτης, καλακταῖος, καλοάκτιος, Steph. B. sub voce: Akte/), a city on the W. coast of Crete, whose domain was probably bounded on the N. by the Phalasarnian, and on the W. and S. by the Polyrrhenian territory. A district called Akté, in the region of Mesoghia, his been identified with it. (Pashley, Trav. vol. ii. p. 57.) This place has been by some commentators on the New Testament confounded with the Fair Havens (Καλοὶ Λιμένες), to which St. Paul came in his voyage to Italy (Acts, 27.8), and which is situated on the S. of the island. (Hoeck, Kreta, vol. i. p. 440.)


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