, Strab. iii. p.141
: Eth. Carmonensis
), a strongly fortified city of Hispania Baetica, ENE. of Hispalis, at the distance of 22 M.P. on the road to Emerita (Itin. Ant.
p. 414), on a hill by the side of a S. tributary of the Baetis, now called the Corbones.
It is first mentioned as one of the headquarters of the rebellion in Baeturia, B.C. 197 (Liv. 33.21
; validas urbes, Carmonem et Bardonem
), and again in the Julian Civil War, when Caesar calls it by far the strongest city in the whole province of Further Spain (B.C.
2.19; comp. Hirt. B. Alex.
57, 64, where it is called Carmona).
It is probably the place mentioned by Appian (App. Hisp. 25
, where the name has been corrupted into Καρεώνη
); and also the
|COIN OF CARMO.|
Carmelis of Livy. (Freinsheim, Epit. Lib. 47.24.) Several of its coins are extant; all, with one exception, being of the type here represented, namely, on the obverse the heads of various deities; on the reverse, the name of the city between two ears of corn placed horizontally. (Florez, Esp. Sagr.
vol. ix. pp. 113--115; Med. de Esp.
vol. i. p. 288. vol. iii. p. 31; Caro, Ant. Hispal.
3.41; Mionnet. vol. i. p. 9, Suppl. vol. i. p. 17; Sestini, p. 40; Eckhel, vol. i. p. 17).