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CRO´MMYON (Κρομμυών, Thuc., Xen., Strab.; Κρομυών, Paus.; Cromyon, Ov. Met. 7.435; Κρεμμυών, Scylax, Steph. B. sub voce Cremmyon, Plin. Nat. 4.7. s. 11: Eth. Κρομμυώνιος), a village of the Corinthia on the Saronic gulf, but originally the last town of Megaris. It was the chief place between the isthmus, properly so called, and Megara; whence the whole of this coast was called the Crommyonia ( Κρομμυωνία, Strab. viii. p.380). Crommyon was distant 120 stadia from Corinth (Thuc. 4.45), and appears to have therefore occupied the site of the ruins near the chapel of St. Theodorus. The village of Kinéta, which many modern travellers suppose to correspond to Crommyon, is much further from Corinth than 120 stadia. Crommyon is said by Pausanias to have derived its name from Crommus, the son of Poseidon. It is celebrated in mythology as the haunt of the wild boar destroyed by Theseus. (Paus. 2.1.3; Strab. l.c.; Plut. Thes. 9; Ov. l.c.) It was taken by the Lacedaemonians in the Corinthian War, but was recovered by Iphicrates. (Xen. Hell. 4.4. 13, 4.5.19.) (Leake, Morea, vol. iii. p. 307, Peloponnesiaca, p. 308; Boblaye, Recherches, &c. p. 35; Curtius, Peloponnesos, vol. ii. p. 555.)

hide References (7 total)
  • Cross-references from this page (7):
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 2.1.3
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.45
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 4.4.13
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 4.5.19
    • Ovid, Metamorphoses, 7.435
    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 4.7
    • Plutarch, Theseus, 9
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