). In Ptolemy (2.7.11
) the name is written Δουήονα
In the Table the name is miswritten Bibona.
In the Notitia of the Gallic provinces it appears under the name of Civitas Cadurcorum.
The name Divona is in Ausonius (Clarae Urbes Burdig.
5.32), who gives the etymology of the name as he understood it:--“Divona Celtarum lingua, Fons addite Divis.”
He means to say that Di
means “God,” and von
“water” or “fountain.” It is said that it is the fountain at Cahors
called “Des Chartreux” which gave the place the name Divona.
It was the capital of the Cadurci, and there are four roads in the Table and the Itin., from Vesunna (Périgueux
), Aginnum (Agen
), Tolosa (Toulouse
), and Segodunum (Rhodez
), which meet at Divona, or Cahors,
in the department of Lot.
De Valois affirms that there is in Cahors
a place still called Las Cadurcas,
and it is further said that the ruins are those of a temple of Diana. The Roman aqueduct at Cahors
was a great work.
It was about 19 miles in length, and had a very winding course through valleys and along mountain sides.
It crossed the valley of Larroque-des-arcs
by a bridge of three tiers of arches, the elevation of which is estimated to have been nearly 180 feet. On the sides of two ranges of hills there are still some remains of this magnificent work, the dimensions of which must have equalled; or even surpassed, those of the Pont-du-Gard.
It is said that it continued in pretty good preservation to the end of the 14th century.
The aqueduct is generally cut in the rock on the sides of the hills along which it is carried.
The channel for the water was constructed of masonry lined with cement and covered with tiles, so that no water could filter through.
It was a work worthy of the grandeur of the Romans. Part of the wall of the baths remains, and a portion of a doorway. Some beautiful mosaic work has been discovered on the site of the baths.
The theatre was of a semicircular form.
A plan of this theatre and an elevation were published in L'Annuaire de Lot
The fountain Des Chartreux,
so called because it was in the inclosure of a convent of this religious society, the ancient Divona, is an abundant source.
A large marble altar has been found at Cahors,
with an inscription which records that it was set up by the Civitas Cadurcorum, in honour of M. Lucterius Leo, the son of Lucterius Senecianus, who had discharged all the high offices in his native place, and was priest at the Ara Augusti, at the confluence of the Arar and the Rhodanus. One Lucterius, a Cadurcan, stirred up the revolt against Caesar in B.C. 52 (B. G.
7.5, &c., 8.44), and this man may have been one of the family.
At least he had the name, with a Roman praenomen.
The authority for the remains of Divona is in the work entitled “Coup d'oeil sur les monuments historiques du Lot, par M. le Baron Chaudruc de Crazannes.” from whose work there are large extracts in the “Guide du Voyageur, par Richard et E. Hocquart.”