（τὰ Δούρα, Plb. 5.5
; Amm. Marc. 20.5
), a fortified castle in Assyria, on the left bank of the Tigris.
It still bears the name of Dúr
(Lynch, R. G. I..
vol. ix. p. 447; Layard, Nineveh and Babylon,
Isid. Char. p. 4; Zosim. 3.14; Amm. Marc. 23.5
), a place in the N. of Mesopotamia, at no great distance from Circesium and the Euphrates, at which, according to Zosimus, the military monument to Gordian was elected. Ammianus differs from him in this, stating that Gordian's tomb was at Zaitha, a few miles distant. Eutropius and Rufus Festus state that the monument was 20 M. P. from Circesium. Zosimus is therefore, in all probability, correct. Isidorus states that Dura was built by the Macedonians, and was called EUROPUS
as well as DURA NICANORIS. It may be doubted whether the passage in Polybius (5.48
) does not refer to the Assyrian town of this name.
The same remark applies to the reference in Stephanus, who simply refers to the 5th book of Polybius, in which both places are mentioned. [V