), a town of the Reubenites, situated, according to Eusebius, in Gilead, and one mile distant from Heshbon, the capital of Sihon, king of the Amorites.
It was in his time a very large village (κώμη μεγίστη, Onomast. s. v.
It is always mentioned in connection with Heshbon. (Numb.
32.3, 37; Is.
15.4, 16.9; Jerem.
It was first identified in modern times by Seetzen, in a ruined site named El-Âl,
half an hour north-east of Hesbân,
the old Heshbon.
It was also visited by Burckhardt, who writes it Et-Aal,
and thus describes it (Travels,
p. 365): “It stands upon the summit of a hill, and takes its name from its situation,--Aal meaning ‘the high.’ It commands the whole plain, and the view from the top of the hill is very extensive. . . . . El Aal
was surrounded by a well-built wall, of which some parts yet remain. Among the ruins are a number of large cisterns, fragments of walls, and the foundations of houses; but nothing worth particular notice.”