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Eth. ELUSA´TES a people of Aquitania who were subdued B.C. 56 by P. Crassus, (B. G. 3.27). Pliny (4.19) enumerates them between the Ausci and the Sotiates. [AUSCI] Their chief town, Elusa, is mentioned in the Antonine Itin. on a road from Burdigala (Bordeaux) to Narbo (Narbonne). It is called Civitas Elusa, and is placed 12 M. P. after Mutatio Scittio, which is Sotium (Sos). From Civitas Elusa to Civitas Auscius (Auch) is 30 M. P. Claudianus (in Rufin. 1.137) mentions Elusa--“Invadit muros Elusae, notissima dudum Tecta petens.”

The modern town of Eause, in the department of Gers, is near the old site, which is called Civitat, a corruption of Civitas. Ammianus (15.11), if his text is right, places Elusa in Narbonensis, which is not correct. The Notitia of the Gallic provinces makes the Civitas Elusatium the metropolis of Novempopulana.


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    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 4.19
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