Strab. viii. p.356
; Eustath. ad Od
. 11.328: Fersalíti
, one of the principal rivers of Thessaly, rises in Mount Othrys, and after flowing through the plain of Pharsalus, flows into the Peneus. Its chief tributary was the Apidanus, which rises at the foot of the mountains of Phthia, probably at the springs of Vrysiá.
The Apidanus is sometimes represented as the principal of the two rivers, and its name given to the united stream flowing into the Peneus. Herodotus relates that the Apidanus was the only river in Achaea, of which the waters were not drunk up by the army of Xerxes. (Strab. ix. p.432
, comp. viii. p. 356; Eur. Hec. 451
; Hdt. 7.196
; Apollon. 1.35
.) The Enipeus is a rapid river, and is therefore called by Ovid “irrequietus Enipeus” (Met.
1.579), an epithet which, as Leake remarks, is more correct than Lucan's description (6.374):--
it gurgite rapto
Apidanus; nunquamque celer, nisi mixtus, Enipeus.
The Cuarius flowed into the Enipeus after its junction with the Apidanus. (Leake, Northern Greece,
vol. iv. pp. 320, 330.) Respecting the river god Enipeus, see Dict. of Biogr. and Myth. s. v.
A river of Elis in the Pisatis, called Barnichius in the time of Strabo, flowed into the Alpheius at no great distance from its mouth. Near the sources of this river stood Salmone. (Strab. viii. p.356