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ERYMANDRUS or ERYMANTHUS (Ἐρυμάνδρος, Arrian, Anab. 4.6; Ἐρυμάνθος, Plb. 11.32; Plin. Nat. 6.23. s. 25; Curt. 8.9.20), the principal river of Drangiana, which rises in the lower range of the Paropamisan mountains, and, after flowing through Arachosia and Drangiana, enters the lake Zarah. Its present name is Ilmend or Hilmend. The name of the river is not given by Ptolemy. M. Burnouf has supposed it to be the Arachotus; but Professor Wilson believes the Arachotus to have been one of the tributaries of the Helmend, and probably the modern Arkand-ab. (Wilson, Ariana, pp. 156, 157.) Arrian supposed, incorrectly, that it was lost in the sands; he places on its banks a tribe called Euergitae, whom Professor Wilson suspects are really the Agriaspae. The modern river is described by Pottinger in his travels in Baluchistan. It appears to be of great size, and carries down with it a great body of water. (Pottinger, Baluchistan, p. 405.)


hide References (3 total)
  • Cross-references from this page (3):
    • Polybius, Histories, 11.32
    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 6.23
    • Curtius, Historiarum Alexandri Magni, 8.9.20
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