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HE´LENA (Ἑλένη: Eth.Ἑλεναῖος, Eth.Ἑλενίτης, Eth. Ἑλένειος: Makronísi), a long narrow island, extending along the eastern coast of Attica from Thoricus to Sunium, and distant from two to four miles from the shore. It was also called MACRIS (Μάκρις), from its length. (Steph. B. sub voce Ἑλένη.) Strabo (ix. p.399) describes it as 60 stadia in length; but its real length is seven geographical miles. It was uninhabited in antiquity, as it is at the present day; and it was probably only used then, as it is now, for the pasture of cattle. Both Strabo and Pausanias derive its name from Helena, the wife of Menelaus: the latter writer supposes that it was so called because Helena landed here after the capture of Troy; but Strabo identifies it with the Homeric Cranae, to which Paris fled with Helena (Il. 3.445), and supposes that its name was hence changed. into Helena. There cannot, however, be any doubt that the Homeric Cranaë was opposite Gythium in Laconia. [CRANAE] (Strab. ix. p.399, x. p. 485; Paus. 1.35.1, 8.14.12; Steph. B. sub voce Mela, 2.7; Plin. Nat. 4.12. s. 20; Leake, Demi of Attica, p. 66; Bröndsted, Voyage, vol. i. p. 77; Ross, Reisen auf den Griech. Inseln, vol. ii. p. 8.)

hide References (4 total)
  • Cross-references from this page (4):
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 1.35.1
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 8.14.12
    • Homer, Iliad, 3.445
    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 4.12
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