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HI´PPANA (Ἵππανα, Pol.), a town of Sicily, mentioned by Polybius as being taken by assault by the Romans in the First Punic War, B.C. 260. (Pol. 1.24.) Diodorus, in relating the events of the same campaign, mentions the capture of a town called Sittana, for which we should in all probability read Hippana. (Diod. 23.9. Exc. Hoesch. p. 503; Wesseling, ad loc.; Cluver. Sicil. p. 392.) The correctness of the name found in Polybius is confirmed by Stephanus of Byzantium (s. v.), who, however, writes it Ἵπανα, but cites Polybius as his authority. No other author mentions the place, which appears to have been situated in the neighbourhood of Panormus, but of which nothing further is known. According to Sillig's recent edition of Pliny, it appears that some of the best MSS. give the name of “Ipanenses” in that author's list of Sicilian towns. (3.8. s. 14.91), where the older editions have “Ichanenses.” If this reading be adopted, it in all probability refers to the same place as the Hippana of Polybius: but as the reading Ichanenses is also supported by the authority of Stephanus (who notices Ichana as a town of Sicily), the point must be considered doubtful.


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