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HI´PPARIS (Ἵππαρις), a small river of Sicily, flowing by the city of Camarina, whence it is now called the Fiume di Camarana. It is mentioned by Pindar in connection with that city (Pind. O. 5.27), from its proximity to which it derives its celebrity. [CAMARINA] Though but a small stream, and having a course of only 12 miles, it has a copious and perennial supply of clear water, a rare circumstance in Sicily: hence the expression of Silius Italicus, “pauperis alvei Hipparis,” is singularly inapplicable. (Sil. Ital. 14.230; Vib. Sequest. p. 12; Schol. ad Pind. l.c.; Nonnus. Dionys. 13.317.) It is evidently the same river of which the name is erroneously written in Ptolemy, Hippōrus. (Ἵππωρος, Ptol. 3.4.7.) The tutelary divinity of the stream is represented on some of the, coins of Camarina, accompanied by his name, ΙΠΠΑΡΙΣ (Eckhel, vol. i. p. 199.)


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    • Claudius Ptolemy, Tetrabiblos, 3.4
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