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HIPPUS (Ἵππος, Steph. B. sub voce Plin. Nat. 5.15; Euseb. Onom.: Eth. Ἱππηνός), a town of the Decapolis and “Palaestina Secunda.” It was situated to the E. of the sea of Galilee, 30 stadia from Tiberias (Tŭbarîya). (Joseph. Vita, § 65.) Augustus presented it to Herod (J. AJ 15.7.3). After his death it was annexed to Syria (Antiq. 17.2.4; comp. Marquardt, Handbuch der Röm. Alt. p. 201). It was sacked in the Jewish War by the Jews (B. J. 2.18.1), but the people afterwards revolted, and slew many of the Jews (B. J. 2.18.5).

The district HIPPENE (Ἱππηνή, B. J. 3.3.1; comp. Vita, § 31) lay to the E. of Galilee. There were bishops of Hippus at the councils of Seleuceia A.D. 359, and of Jerusalem A.D. 536. Burkhardt (Trav. p. 278) has the merit of having discovered the site of the ancient Hippos, which he fixes at Khurbet es-Sŭmrah, an hour frown Semakh. (Comp. Robinson, Researches, vol. iii. p. 264, note.)

(Reland, Palaestina, vol. ii. p. 82l; Von Raumer, Palestina, p. 242.)


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  • Cross-references from this page (2):
    • Flavius Josephus, Jewish Antiquities, 15.7.3
    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 5.15
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