, Ptol. 2.6.68
; Liv. 21.23
; Plin. Nat. 3.3. s. 4
, Plb. 3.35
) or Eth. ILE´RGETAE
(Eth. Ἰλεργέται, Strab. iii. p.161
: doubtless the Ἰλεργέται,
of Hecataeus, ap. Steph. B. sub voce
a people of Hispania Tarraconensis, extending on the N. of the Iberus (Ebro
) from the river GALLICUS (Gallego
) to both banks of the SICORTS (Segre
), and as far E. as the RUBRICATUS
); and having for neighbours the [p. 2.32]EDETANI
and CELTIBERI on the S., the VASCONES
on the W., on the N. and NE. the small peoples at the foot of the Pyrenees, as the JACCETANI, CASTELLANI, AUSETANI, and CERRETANI
and on the SE. the COSETANI
their chief cities were:--the colony of CELSA
), famous in the story of Sertorius; and ATHANAGIA
which Livy (21.61
) makes their capital, but which no other writer names. On the great road from Italy into the N. of Spain, reckoning from Tarraco, stood ILERDA
62 M. P.; TOLOUS
32 M. P., in the conventus of Caesaraugusta, and with the civitas Romana (Plin.); PERTUSA
18 M. P. (Pertusa,
on the Alcanadre
19 M. P., whence it was 46 M. P. to Caesaraugusta (Itin. Ant.
On a loop of the same road, starting from Caesaraugusta, were:--GALLICUM
15 M. P., on the river Gallicus (Zunra,
on the Gallego
); BORTINAE, 18 M. P. (Βουρτίνα,
12 M. P.; CAUS, 29 M.P.; MENDICULEIA
19 M. P. (probably Monzon
22 M. P. (Itin. Ant.
pp. 451, 452). On the road from Caesaraugusta, up the valley of the Gallicus, to Benearnum (Orthes
) in Gallia, were, FORUM GALLORUM
30 M. P. (Gurrea
), and EBELLINUM
22 M. P. (Beilo
), whence it was 24 M. P. to the summit of the pass over the Pyrenees (Itin. Ant.
p. 452). Besides these places, Ptolemy mentions BERGUSIA Βεργουσία
), on the Sicoris; BERGIDUM
); GALLICA FLAVIA
); and ORGIA
), a name also found on coins (Sestini, Med. Isp.
p. 99), while the same coins bear the name of AESONES, and inscriptions found near the Sicoris have AESONENSIS and JESSONENSIS (Muratori, Nov. Thes.
p. 1021, Nos. 2, 3; Spon, Misc. Erud. Ant.
p. 188), with which the GESSORIENSES
of Pliny may perhaps have some connection. BERSICAL is mentioned on coins (Sestini, p. 107), and OCTOGESA
(prob. La Granja,
at the confluence of the Segre
and the Ebro
) by Caesar (B.C.
1.61; Ukert, vol. ii. pt. 1. pp. 450--453).