previous next


Eth. ILERGE´TES (Ἰλέργητες, Ptol. 2.6.68; Liv. 21.23, 61, 22.22; Plin. Nat. 3.3. s. 4; Ἰλουργήτες, Plb. 3.35) or Eth. ILE´RGETAE (Eth. Ἰλεργέται, Strab. iii. p.161: doubtless the Ἰλεργέται, of Hecataeus, ap. Steph. B. sub voce a people of Hispania Tarraconensis, extending on the N. of the Iberus (Ebro) from the river GALLICUS (Gallego) to both banks of the SICORTS (Segre), and as far E. as the RUBRICATUS (Llobregat); and having for neighbours the [p. 2.32]EDETANI and CELTIBERI on the S., the VASCONES on the W., on the N. and NE. the small peoples at the foot of the Pyrenees, as the JACCETANI, CASTELLANI, AUSETANI, and CERRETANI and on the SE. the COSETANI Besides ILERDA their chief cities were:--the colony of CELSA (Velilla, near Xelsa), OSCA (Huesca), famous in the story of Sertorius; and ATHANAGIA which Livy (21.61) makes their capital, but which no other writer names. On the great road from Italy into the N. of Spain, reckoning from Tarraco, stood ILERDA 62 M. P.; TOLOUS 32 M. P., in the conventus of Caesaraugusta, and with the civitas Romana (Plin.); PERTUSA 18 M. P. (Pertusa, on the Alcanadre); OSCA 19 M. P., whence it was 46 M. P. to Caesaraugusta (Itin. Ant. p. 391).

On a loop of the same road, starting from Caesaraugusta, were:--GALLICUM 15 M. P., on the river Gallicus (Zunra, on the Gallego); BORTINAE, 18 M. P. (Βουρτίνα, Ptol.: Torinos); OSCA 12 M. P.; CAUS, 29 M.P.; MENDICULEIA 19 M. P. (probably Monzon); ILERDA 22 M. P. (Itin. Ant. pp. 451, 452). On the road from Caesaraugusta, up the valley of the Gallicus, to Benearnum (Orthes) in Gallia, were, FORUM GALLORUM 30 M. P. (Gurrea), and EBELLINUM 22 M. P. (Beilo), whence it was 24 M. P. to the summit of the pass over the Pyrenees (Itin. Ant. p. 452). Besides these places, Ptolemy mentions BERGUSIA Βεργουσία: Balaguer), on the Sicoris; BERGIDUM (Βέργιδον); ERGA (Ἔργα); SUCCOSA (Σουκκῶσα); GALLICA FLAVIA (Γάλλικα Φλαουία: Fraga?); and ORGIA (Ὠρκία, prob. Orgagna), a name also found on coins (Sestini, Med. Isp. p. 99), while the same coins bear the name of AESONES, and inscriptions found near the Sicoris have AESONENSIS and JESSONENSIS (Muratori, Nov. Thes. p. 1021, Nos. 2, 3; Spon, Misc. Erud. Ant. p. 188), with which the GESSORIENSES of Pliny may perhaps have some connection. BERSICAL is mentioned on coins (Sestini, p. 107), and OCTOGESA (prob. La Granja, at the confluence of the Segre and the Ebro) by Caesar (B.C. 1.61; Ukert, vol. ii. pt. 1. pp. 450--453).


hide References (6 total)
  • Cross-references from this page (6):
    • Polybius, Histories, 3.35
    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 3.3
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 22, 22
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 21, 61
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 21, 23
    • Claudius Ptolemy, Tetrabiblos, 2.6
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: