Ptol.), a people of Hispania Tarraconensis, in the extreme NE. corner of the peninsula, around the gulf of Rhoda and Emporiae (Gulf of Ampurias
), as far as the Trophies of Pompey (τὰ Πομπηλ̈́ου τρόπαια, ἀναθήματα τοῦ Πομπηΐου
), on the summit of the pass over the Pyrenees, which formed the boundary of Gaul and Spain (Strab. iii. p.160
, iv. p. 178). [POMPEII TROPAEA.] They were divided into four tribes. Their chief cities, besides EMPORIAE
(Ἰουγγαρία, Ptol. 2.6.73 Junquera,
or, as some suppose, Figueras
), 16 M. P. south of the summit of the Pyrenees (Summum Pyrenaeum, Itin.
), on the high road to Tarraco (Itin. Ant.
pp. 390, 397); CINNIANA (Cervia
), 15 M. P. further S. (Ib.; Tab. Peut.
); and DECIANA
). On the promontory formed by the E. extremity of the Pyrenees (C.Crews
), was a temple of Venus, with a small seaport on the N. side (Ἀφροδισίας, Steph. B. sub voce τὸ Ἀφροδίσιον ἱερόν, Ptol. 2.6.20
; Pyrenaea Venus, Plin. Nat. 3.3. s. 4
; Portus Veneris, Mela, 2.6.5 ; Portus Pyrenaei, Liv. 34.8
: Porte Vendres
), which some made the boundary of Gaul and Spain, instead of the Trophies of Pompey, Ptolemy names two small rivers as falling into the gulf of Emporiae, the CLODIANUS
) and the SA3SBROCAS (Σαμβρόκα ἐκβολαί
): Pliny names the TICHIS
which is the small river flowing past Rosas.
The district round the gulf of Emporiae was called JUNCARIUS CAMPUS (τὸ Ἰουγγάριον πεδίον
), from the abundance of rushes which grew upon its marshy soil. (Strab. iii. pp. 156, 163; Steph. B. sub voce Ἰνδικῆται;
Eustath. ad II.
i. p. 191; Avien. Or. Mar.
523; Ukert, vol. ii. pt. 1. pp. 315, &c.)