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LYCUS (Λύκος), a river of Syria, between ancient Byblus and Berytus. (Strab. xvi. p.755; Plin. Nat. 5.20.) Although both these geographers mention the river Adonis as distinct from this, more to the north, between Palae-Byblus and Byblus, the two rivers have been sometimes confounded. Their [p. 2.228]Wolf-river is plainly identical with the Dog-river of the present day (Nahr-el-Kelb), about 2 hours north of Beyrût; which derives its name, says Maundrell, from an idol in the form of a dog or wolf, which was worshipped, and is said to have pronounced oracles, at this place. It is remarkable for an ancient viaduct cut in the face of a rocky promontory immediately on the south of the stream, the work of Antoninus Pius, as a Latin inscription, copied by Maundrell, and still legible, records (Journey, March 17, pp. 35--37). Cuneiform inscriptions and figures resembling those found at Behistun [BAGISTANUS MONS] would seem to indicate that the Roman emperor did but repair the work of some Persian king. There are casts of the inscriptions and figures in the British Museum.


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    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 5.20
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