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LYTARNIS a promontory in Northern Europe, mentioned by Pliny (6.12. s. 14). His text makes the promontory of Lytarnis, at one and the same time, a portion of the Celtic country and the extremity of the Rhipaean range--the Rhipaean mountains being the Uralian--“extra eos” (i. e. the Scythians), “ultraque Aquilonis initia Hyperboreos aliqui posuere, pluribus in Europa dictos. Primum inde noscitur promontorium Celticae Lytarnis, fluvius Carambucis, ubi lassata cum siderum vi Riphaeorum montium deficiunt juga.” In the eyes of the physical geographer, the extremity of the Uralian chain is either the island of Nova Zembla or the most northern portion of the district on the west of the sea of Obi,--the Obi being the Caramoucis. In the usual maps, however, the Dwina is the Carambucis, and Nanin Noss, on the east of the White Sea, the Lytarmis Prom.


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    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 6.12
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