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MACRA ( Μάκρης, Strab.; Ptolemy has the corrupt form Μακράλλα Magra), a considerable river of Northern Italy, rising in the Apennines and flowing into the Tyrrhenian Sea near Luna. It was under the Roman dominion the established limit between Liguria and Etruria (Plin. Nat. 3.5. s. 7; Flor. 2.3.4; Strab. v. p.222; Vib. Seq. p. 14); but at an earlier period the Ligurian tribe of the Apuani occupied the country on both sides of it, and it was not till after a long struggle with that people that the Romans were able to carry their arms as far as the banks of the Macra. (Liv. 39.32, 40.41.) The Macra is one of the most considerable of the rivers on the Ligurian coast, but it still retains the character of a mountain torrent, at times very violent and impetuous, at others so shallow as to be wholly unfit for navigation (Lucan 2.426). The ruins of Luna are situated on the left bank of the Magra, about a mile from the sea, while the celebrated Port of Luna (the Gulf of Spezia) is some miles distant to the W., and separated from it by an intervening range of hills [LUNA]. About 10 miles from its mouth the Magra receives from its W. bank the waters of the Vara, also a formidable torrent, which is in all probability the BOACTES of Ptolemy (3.1.3).


hide References (5 total)
  • Cross-references from this page (5):
    • Lucan, Civil War, 2.426
    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 3.5
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 39, 32
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 40, 41
    • Claudius Ptolemy, Tetrabiblos, 3.1
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