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MARATHE´SIUM (Μαρθήσιον: Eth. Μαραθήσιος an Ionian town on the coast of Lydia, south of Ephesus, and not far from the frontiers of Caria, whence Stephanus (s. v.) calls it a town of Caria. (Scylax, p. 37; Plin. Nat. 5.31.) The town at one time belonged to the Samians; but they made an exchange, and, giving it up to the Ephesians, received Neapolis in return. (Strab. xiv. p.639.) Col. Leake (Asia Minor, p. 261) believes that a few ancient ruins found at a place called Skalcanova mark the site of Marathesium, though others regard them as remains of Pygela. [L.S] [p. 2.267]

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    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 5.31
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